Periodontal Maintenance

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.

Why Is Oral Hygiene So Important?

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected by periodontal disease at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is through good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque and can be accelerated by a number of different factors. Plaque is a colorless film that sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.

If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).

Periodontal Disease

Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.

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Preventing Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progression.

Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes and other systemic conditions
  • Stress
  • Clenching and grinding teeth
  • Medications
  • Poor nutrition

What Saliva does and how dry mouth can affect you

Dry mouth happens when your mouth produces little to no saliva. What little saliva you have might be thick and stringy. But dry mouth is more than just feeling thirsty. Saliva helps you taste what you eat and drink, and it helps you digest your food. It flushes food particles away from your teeth and neutralizes acids to help prevent tooth decay. Dry mouth is also called xerostomia.

Dry Mouth Includes Dry Skin

Lack of saliva causes the skin in and around the mouth to become dry and tight. Your lips may become cracked, and sores might form at the corners of your mouth. Your tongue can feel rough and dry as well. And you might have trouble swallowing or difficulty speaking without the lubrication that saliva provides.

Embarrassing Side Effects

Dry mouth causes unpleasant side effects. Because saliva isn’t flushing your mouth of food particles and debris regularly, it’s common to develop persistent bad breath. If you wear lipstick, you might find that it sticks to your teeth because no saliva is there to rinse it off. Dry mouth can be the culprit when it comes to hoarseness or a tickle in the throat.

Medicines Can Cause Dry Mouth

More than 400 types of medications can cause dry mouth, including over-the-counter drugs for allergies and cold symptoms, and many prescription drugs for high blood pressure, overactive bladder, and mental health problems. It can also be a result of medical treatments such as radiation for certain cancers, which can damage salivary glands. Chemotherapy sometimes causes saliva to thicken and make the mouth feel dry.

Nerve Damage Can Affect Dry Mouth

Dry mouth can be related to nerve damage from a head or neck injury. Certain nerves carry messages between the brain and the salivary glands. If these nerves are damaged, they might be unable to tell the salivary glands to make saliva. Without saliva, it’s also hard to taste food because saliva carries the flavors in food to nerve cells in the mouth and throat.

Other Causes of Dry Mouth

Dry mouth can be caused by a medical condition called Sjögren’s syndrome. Sjögren’s is an autoimmune disorder in which white blood cells called lymphocytes attack the body’s tear and salivary glands. This leads to dry eyes and dry mouth, the most common symptoms of Sjögren’s syndrome. Dry mouth also occurs in patients with diabetes and HIV/AIDS.

Smoking Can Make It Worse

There are plenty of reasons to quit smoking, and having a dry mouth is one of them. Smoking does not cause dry mouth. But smoking cigarettes, cigars, and pipes or using other tobacco products, even smokeless ones, can aggravate dry mouth. Alcohol and caffeine are also drying.

A Doctor Can Treat Dry Mouth

Talk to your doctor or dentist if you’re suffering from the symptoms of dry mouth. If you’re not currently taking medications that may be causing the problem, your symptoms might point to an underlying and undiagnosed medical condition like Sjögren’s syndrome or diabetes.

Take Care of Your Teeth

A lack of saliva can be harmful to your teeth. Regular dental checkups are essential if you have dry mouth. Faithfully floss and brush your teeth every day in order to remove food and bacteria. If you can’t brush after eating, rinse your mouth. Sip water frequently throughout the day and use alcohol-free mouthwash or dental products.

Tips to Stimulate Saliva Production

Check with your doctor to see whether medication would help relieve your dry mouth symptoms. Sucking on sugar-free candy or chewing sugar-free gum can stimulate the flow of saliva. Over-the-counter saliva substitutes may provide temporary relief for some people.

Other Tips to Help Dry Mouth

Sipping water frequently will help keep your mouth moist. But steer clear of sugary, acidic, or caffeinated drinks. Drinking water or milk with meals increases moisture and helps with chewing and swallowing. Try sleeping in a room with a humidifier to decrease dry mouth symptoms. Make sure you see your dentist for regular cleanings and exams.

What’s the effect of chewing gum?

Everyone loves to chew gum. In fact, kids in North America spend close to half a billion dollars on chewing gum each year. But what are the effects of chewing gum on your oral health? Is it helpful, or harmful? Actually, it can be both. The effects depend on what kind of gum you chew.

Sugary Gum

Gum that contains large amounts of sugar is overall more harmful to your teeth than beneficial. Chewing sugary gum excessively may be harmful, as the sugar can stick to your teeth, attracting plaque. However, removing the sugary gum from your mouth too soon may increase likelihood of cavities as well. If you are going to chew sugary gum, you should chew it for at least 15-20 minutes, according to World Dental. At this point, the sugar in the gum is gone, and the remaining sugar on your teeth can be washed away due to the increased saliva production from the gum.

Sugar-Free Gum

Sugarless gum, on the other hand, actually benefits oral health in many ways, no matter how long you chew it. For example:

  • Freshens breath
  • Prevents dry mouth
  • Neutralizes acids formed from bacteria in the mouth
  • Reduces plaque
  • Reduces gingivitis for healthy gums

This is mostly due to the fact that chewing gum increases saliva production. Saliva is one of the most important components of oral health. Not only does it neutralize the acids in your mouth that over time can wear away tooth enamel and cause erosion, but saliva contains calcium that can actually help strengthen enamel. The sticky surface of gum also helps reduce plaque without leaving residue of its own. This consequently helps with the prevention of cavities, gingivitis, and other resulting dental problems such as toothaches.

Not a Substitute

Though chewing gum can have many benefits to your oral health, it is by no means a replacement to regular daily hygiene. Chewing gum in place of brushing and flossing would not be beneficial. Brushing twice and flossing once daily is recommended to effectively remove plaque; however, it is clinically proven that chewing sugarless gum for 20 minutes after meals can further help prevent decay.

Chewing gum can be very beneficial to your mouth. The ADA even released a seal of approval, which has been given to some gum brands to show that that brand of gum is effective in improving oral health. Look for the ADA Seal next time you buy a pack of gum to ensure that it is a healthy choice.

What Are Dental Implants?

Dental implants are replacement tooth roots. Implants provide a strong foundation for fixed (permanent) or removable replacement teeth that are made to match your natural teeth.

What Are the Advantages of Dental Implants?

There are many advantages to dental implants, including:
Dental implants are replacement tooth roots. Implants provide a strong foundation for fixed (permanent) or removable replacement teeth that are made to match your natural teeth.

What Are the Advantages of Dental Implants?

There are many advantages to dental implants, including:

  • Improved appearance. Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth. And because they are designed to fuse with bone, they become permanent.
  • Improved speech. With poor-fitting dentures, the teeth can slip within the mouth causing you to mumble or slur your words. Dental implants allow you to speak without the worry that your teeth might slip.
  • Improved comfort. Because they become part of you, implants eliminate the discomfort of removable dentures.
  • Easier eating. Sliding dentures can make chewing difficult. Dental implants function like your own teeth, allowing you to eat your favorite foods with confidence and without pain.
  • Improved self-esteem. Dental implants can give you back your smile and help you feel better about yourself.
  • Improved oral health. Dental implants don’t require reducing other teeth, as a tooth-supported bridge does. Because nearby teeth are not altered to support the implant, more of your own teeth are left intact, improving your long-term oral health. Individual implants also allow easier access between teeth, improving oral hygiene.
  • Durability. Implants are very durable and will last many years. With good care, many implants last a lifetime.
  • Convenience. Removable dentures are just that; removable. Dental implants eliminate the embarrassing inconvenience of removing your dentures, as well as the need for messy adhesives to keep your dentures in place.

How Successful Are Dental Implants?

Success rates of dental implants vary, depending on where in the jaw the implants are placed but, in general, dental implants have a success rate of up to 98%. With proper care (see below), implants can last a lifetime.

Can Anyone Get Dental Implants?

In most cases, anyone healthy enough to undergo a routine dental extraction or oral surgery can be considered for a dental implant. Patients should have healthy gums and enough bone to hold the implant. They also must be committed to good oral hygiene and regular dental visits. Heavy smokers, people suffering from uncontrolled chronic disorders – such as diabetes or heart disease – or patients who have had radiation therapy to the head/neck area need to be evaluated on an individual basis. If you are considering implants, talk to your dentist to see if they are right for you.

Does Insurance Cover the Cost of Dental Implants?

In general, dental implants are not covered by dental insurance at this time. Coverage under your medical plan may be possible, depending on the insurance plan and/or cause of tooth loss. Detailed questions about your individual needs and how they relate to insurance should be discussed with your dentist and your insurance provider.

What Is Involved in Getting a Dental Implant?

The first step in the dental implant process is the development of an individualized treatment plan. The plan addresses your specific needs and is prepared by a team of professionals who are specially trained and experienced in oral surgery and restorative dentistry. This team approach provides coordinated care based on the implant option that is best for you.

Next, the tooth root implant, which is a small post made of titanium, is placed into the bone socket of the missing tooth. As the jawbone heals, it grows around the implanted metal post, anchoring it securely in the jaw. The healing process can take from 6 to 12 weeks.

Once the implant has bonded to the jawbone, a small connector post – called an abutment – is attached to the post to securely hold the new tooth. To make your new tooth or teeth, your dentist makes impressions of your teeth, and creates a model of your bite (which captures all of your teeth, their type, and arrangement). Your new tooth or teeth are based on this model. A replacement tooth, called a crown, is then attached to the abutment.

Instead of one or more individual crowns, some patients may have attachments placed on the implant that retain and support a removable denture.

Your dentist also will match the color of your new teeth to your natural teeth. Because the implant is secured within the jawbone, the replacement teeth look, feel, and function just like your own natural teeth.

How Painful Are Dental Implants?

Most people who have received dental implants say that there is very little discomfort involved in the procedure. Local anesthesia can be used during the procedure, and most patients report that implants involve less pain than a tooth extraction.

After the dental implant, mild soreness can be treated with over-the-counter pain medications, such as Tylenol or Motrin.

How Do I Care for Dental Implants?

Dental implants require the same care as real teeth, including brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups.

Why can’t teenagers get dental implants?

Dentist often get asked why children or young adults have to wait until the age of 19 or 20 before they get dental implants. The simple answer is that dental implants should not be placed in jaws that are actively growing. Unlike teeth, the periodontal ligament does not anchor dental implants.

Implants are fused with bone through a process known as osseointegration. This means that the implant is in a fixed position within the bone. If a dental implant was placed in a growing jaw it would make it difficult to predict the position of the implant after growth is completed. Since dental implants cannot be moved like natural teeth, the implant could be the source of some form of malocclusion.

Dentist often get asked why children or young adults have to wait until the age of 19 or 20 before they get dental implants. The simple answer is that dental implants should not be placed in jaws that are actively growing. Unlike teeth, the periodontal ligament does not anchor dental implants. Implants are fused with bone through a process known as osseointegration. This means that the implant is in a fixed position within the bone. If a dental implant was placed in a growing jaw it would make it difficult to predict the position of the implant after growth is completed. Since dental implants cannot be moved like natural teeth, the implant could be the source of some form of malocclusion.

Not all bone grows at the same rate. If one portion of the bone grows faster than another the dental implant can end up crooked. Another reason is that the implant might interfere with a natural eruption process of teeth. This can lead to permanent retention of teeth within the jawbone or abnormal eruption pattern. Injury to unerupted teeth or tooth buds, precursors of teeth, is also a possibility.

Dental implants are held in place by bone and not the periodontal ligament like teeth. The periodontal ligament is what allows us to move teeth within bone. Since dental implants lack the ligament it is impossible to alter their position after placement.

In conclusion dental implants should not be placed in the jawbone until all growth has been completed. This will eliminate the chance of possible complications previously mentioned.

Getting Familiar with Dental Implants

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth, bridge or denture. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason. 

Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling, you may forget you ever lost a tooth. You know that your confidence about your teeth affects how you feel about yourself, both personally and professionally. Perhaps you hide your smile because of spaces from missing teeth. Maybe your dentures don’t feel secure. Perhaps you have difficulty chewing.

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth, bridge or denture.

Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.

Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling, you may forget you ever lost a tooth. You know that your confidence about your teeth affects how you feel about yourself, both personally and professionally. Perhaps you hide your smile because of spaces from missing teeth. Maybe your dentures don’t feel secure. Perhaps you have difficulty chewing.

If you are missing one or more teeth and would like to smile, speak and eat again with comfort and confidence, there is good news! Dental implants are teeth that can look and feel just like your own!!!

Reasons to consider Dental Implants

  • Improved appearance. Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth.
  • Improved speech. With poor-fitting dentures, the teeth can slip and move while talking causing you to mumble or slur your words. Dental implants are designed to anchor and stabilize replacement teeth which allow you to speak without the worry that your teeth might slip.
  • Improved comfort. Because they become part of you, implants eliminate the discomfort of removable dentures.
  • Easier eating. Loose dentures even with denture paste can make chewing difficult. Dental implants function like your own teeth, allowing you to eat your favorite foods with confidence and without soreness, and pain.
  • Improved self-esteem. Dental implants can restore a more natural smile and help you feel better about yourself.
  • Improved oral health. Dental implants don’t require filing down other teeth, as a tooth-supported bridge does. A dental Implant is supported by your jaw bone leaving the teeth next to the implant alone. This will make the implant restorations feel more like your own teeth improving your long-term oral health, allow easier access between teeth, and improving oral hygiene.
  • Durability. Implants are very durable and will last many years. With good care, many implants can last a lifetime.
  • Convenience User Friendly. Dental implants eliminate the embarrassing inconvenience of removing your dentures, having silver hooks on partial dentures show when you smile as well as the need for messy adhesives to keep your dentures in place.

What is a Dental Implant?

A dental implant is a small titanium screw that serves as the replacement for the root portion of a missing natural tooth. Dental implants can be placed in either the upper or lower jaws. Due to the biocompatible properties of titanium, a dental implant fuses with the bone and becomes a good anchor for the replacement tooth. Dental implants can be used in solutions for replacing single or multiple missing teeth.

Many people who consider implants have removable, conventional dentures for lower and upper jaws, or have removable bridges. These people experience a significant improvement in their ability to chew food comfortably after their dental implant treatment.

The Dental Implant Procedure

The implant procedure is a surgical placement of the implant or implants in your jaw bone which requires a three to six month healing period before the implant restoration (crown) will be placed. In Certain cases a temporary crown or bridge can be immediately placed on the implants the same days as the surgery.

During this healing time, the bone grows in and around the titanium implant creating a very strong support. After the implant has “taken” and you have sufficiently healed, a very natural crown is placed on the implant.

When missing one tooth, your dentist may use a Flipper to fill the space. A Flipper is a false tooth to temporarily take the place of a missing tooth before the permanent crown is placed on the implant. Flippers are meant to be a temporary solution while awaiting the permanent crown to be placed on your implant(s).

If you’re missing one tooth or all of your teeth, implants may well be for you. So long as you have enough bone in the area of the missing tooth to facilitate the anchorage of the implants, this procedure can yield terrific results.

Is Old Age a Problem?

Occasionally, older patients express concern that their age may prevent them from enjoying the benefits of dental implants. However, health is more of a determining factor than age. If you’re healthy enough to have a tooth extracted, you’re probably healthy enough to receive dental implants. Certain chronic diseases may contraindicate dental implant treatment. The dentist will determine if you are a candidate for dental implants after a careful evaluation of your dental and health history.

How Will Dental Implants Affect My Life?

As our life span increases, a permanent dental replacement like implants is increasingly important as we get older. While dentures and removable bridges are usually loose and unstable, implants provide you with dental replacements that are both natural looking, very functional, and stable. Implants look much better, and feel better, than traditional removable bridges, and offer the same force for biting as bridges that are fixed in place.

Improve your confidence, comfort, oral health, speech, cosmetics, and self esteem. Implants can last your lifetime.

What do You Know about Dental Implants?

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that a dental implant specialist places into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, tooth decay, a sports injury, or some other reason.They are also an excellent alternative for partial and full denture wearers seeking a more secure or a permanent attachment of their dentures. Our specialists have successfully placed thousands of implants that have brought smiles back to the faces of so many of our patients!

Does the condition of your teeth affect your confidence and how you feel about yourself personally and/or professionally? Do you hide your smile because of spaces from missing teeth or are your dentures feeling loose or not secured? Are you having any difficulty chewing and swallowing certain foods?

If your answer is yes to any of these questions, there is no reason not to take action! We can place implants in your mouth that will look, feel and work just like your own natural teeth and with diligent oral hygiene, your implants can last you a lifetime! Your new dental implants will feel so natural, look so good, and function so well, you’ll forget that they aren’t natural teeth.

The Advantages of Dental Implants

In just about every way, implants are superior to full or partial dentures and bridges and the clear choice for missing tooth replacement.

Esthetic: Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth. Since dental implants integrate into the structure of your bone, they prevent the bone loss and gum recession that often accompany bridgework and dentures. In addition, no one will ever know that you have replacement teeth and you’ll feel much better about you look every day.

Tooth Retention: Dental implants don’t sacrifice the quality of your adjacent teeth like a bridge does because neighboring teeth are not altered to support implants. Thus, more of your own teeth are left untouched, a significant long-term benefit to your oral health!

Increased Confidence: Dental implants will allow you to once again speak and eat with comfort and confidence! They are totally secure and will provide the freedom you deserve from the irksome, embarrassing clicks and wobbles of dentures. You’ll be able to say goodbye once and for all to the worries about misplaced dentures and all those messy pastes and glues.

Reliability: Dental implants are significantly stronger than bridges or dentures and provide a sturdy, permanent solution to single missing teeth. Implants are considered an excellent option for all types of tooth replacement and their long-term success rates are both highly predictable and expected.
What Is implant treatment like?

The implant procedure will be a team effort between you, and our dental staff. Your dentist will create a treatment plan tailored to your specific condition and the types of implants available to best meet your needs. Our support staff will look after your comfort both during and after your procedures and we will monitor your progress between appointments. You must have and maintain good oral health before, during and after your implant procedures in order to insure the best possible results. You must also have sufficient bone available for the implants to take hold.

In the event that you lack the bone density required for implants, our surgeons are able to perform specific procedures which can make the necessary bone available.

These procedures include:

Sinus Augmentation: The upper back jaw has traditionally been one of the most difficult areas to successfully place dental implants due to insufficient bone quantity and quality and the close proximity to the sinus. Sinus augmentation can help correct this problem by raising the sinus floor and developing bone for the placement of dental implants.

Ridge Modification Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come.

What Can I Expect After Treatment?

As you know, your own teeth require conscientious at-home oral care and regular dental visits. Dental implants are like your own teeth and will require the same care. In order to keep your implant clean and plaque- free, brushing and flossing still apply!

After treatment, our oral hygienist will work closely with you to help you maintain the best oral health care possible. Periodic follow-up visits will be scheduled to monitor your implant, teeth and gums to make sure they are healthy. At Family Dental, your good oral health remains our priority even after your treatments are completed.

Call today for your free consultation and start down the path toward a new lifestyle you can really smile about thanks to the wonders of implant technology available at Genis Dental!

A Bridge vs Dental implants

When considering a bridge vs dental implants we must take the following factors into account:

Jaw bone resorbtion –Treatment with a dental implant vs bridges involves placing implants in areas where there are no teethand by so doing, the bone area is stimulated again and this prevents long term bone loss in that area.

If a bridge that connects 2 teeth is used instead of adental implant, pressure is not applied on the jaw bone! Therefore the bone is not stimulated and begins to shrink away. Conclusion – dental implants preserve the underlying jawbone.

Durability – a permanent solution to tooth loss is offered with a dental implant vs bridges , which have a life expectancy of only 10 years. Implants bond to the jaw bone and become part of it – this connection is as strong as a natural tooth root. Using a bridge relies on the side forces applied on the adjacent teeth and on the bridge’s structure.

When using a bridge vs dental implants, you support your structure on natural teeth that are still vulnerable to decay and other diseases, implants on the other hand cannot develop any diseases since they are made of titanium.

Improved oral health – Dental implants do not affect your other healthy teeth, more of your own teeth are left intact. A bridge, on the other hand, may require the cutting down of healthy, adjacent teeth in order to support the bridge structure.

Oral hygiene – Individual dental implants allow easier access between teeth, enabling everyday normal dental care. Flossing bridges is not an easy task and requires time and patience, making it a tiresome process. This fact eventually will give an advantage to the implants by enabling improved everyday oral hygiene.

Esthetics – A dental implant vs bridges looks good due to modern technology allowing dentists to achieve results that look exactly like natural teeth. When comparing between a bridge vs dental implants, the conclusion is clear! Dental implants always look better than bridges.

Treatment plan flexibility – Dental implants enable more flexibility in planning a treatment plan than bridges. As a matter of fact, in many cases only implants can be used and bridges are not an option! Example – when a few teeth are missing in the same site.

Price – The price of a bridge is cheaper than a dental implant solution. But when thinking about the long run – you must realize that implants will be a cheaper option after all ! Because of the low durability of the bridges and complications that might occur, additional expenses await you down the road .Example – having to replace the bridge…

So after considering a bridge vs dental implants and taking all the factors onto account – it is quite clear that the dental implants solution is preferable. Even though the initial price is higher, in the long run it is actually a cheaper alternative.