Millions of Americans are discovering the benefits of dental implants. Thanks to these devices, one does not have to suffer from poor self-esteem for having one or more teeth missing.
Dental implants are a great restorative option for missing teeth. They are artificial tooth roots that are surgically placed into the jawbone.
Over the course of several months, the bone surrounding the implant grows, holding it securely in place. Dental implants offer a more natural-looking alternative to other conventional solutions to missing teeth, such as dentures and bridges.
Types of Implants
There are two types of dental implants:
- Endosteal (in the bone).
Endosteal implants are the most common type of implants. They resemble small screws. They are surgically inserted deep into the jawbone as a replacement for tooth roots. They are usually made of titanium.
- Subperiosteal (on the bone).
Patients need enough bone mass in their jaw to support the titanium rod and the attached crown. When there is not enough healthy jawbone available to support the implant, the subperiosteal implants are placed under the gum, but are not attached into the jawbone.
It’s important to keep in mind that not all dentists in Southampton perform dental implants. The team at our dental office is always on hand to explain to you the benefits of dental implants and how they can change your life.
In this article, we have mentioned all the facts related to dental implantation.
Essentials of Dental Implants each one of us should know
Dental implant procedures require multiple steps over a period of around three to nine months. During this period one might be required to seek help from multiple dental specialists, including an oral surgeon or a Periodontist.
The number of teeth you wish to replace will also determine the type and scope of the procedure.
The first step will be to get your teeth, gums, and jawbone evaluated. During this initial assessment, it is determined if the jawbone is healthy to maintain the implant.
The gums must be free from any periodontal diseases too.
If the jawbone is too weak or soft, a bone graft may be suggested.
Dental implant surgery is usually an outpatient procedure. It may be done under local anesthesia, IV sedation, or general anesthesia.
Your specialist will let you know well ahead of time which type of anesthesia you will be administered..
- Placement of the Implant.
If you are having an Endosteal implant, your oral surgeon will cut the gum, exposing the jawbone. Holes are then drilled deep into the bone, where the implant post will be inserted. If you choose or insist, a removable denture will be placed over the hole for aesthetic purposes until the permanent tooth can be attached to the implant.
If you choose a subperiosteal implant, your jawbone won’t be drilled. The subperiosteal implants will be placed under the gum, but will not be attached to the jawbone.
After the dental implant has been placed, it takes anywhere from two to six months before enough new bone growth occurs around the screw.
Osseointegration means combining with the bone.
It is the development of the structural link between the bone and the implant.
During this process, the natural jaw bone will strengthen and grow around the dental implant.
- Abutment Placement.
Abutments are used to connect the replacement tooth to the dental implant. An abutment can be added during the initial procedure or sometime later.
When an abutment is added later, the surgeon might have to make an incision if gum tissue has grown over the implant. Usually a healing cap is placed over the implant to protect the implant and prevent tissue from growing over it.
The healing cap is removed and abutment will be screwed onto the implant.
The gums will take some weeks to heal after the abutment placement.
- Crown Placement.
Once gums have healed, your dentist will take an impression of your teeth so that your permanent replacement teeth can be made to fit.
These can be removable or permanently fixed.
The Causes of Failure of Dental Implantation?
Dental implants can be exceptionally successful if done properly. Dental implants failures are rare, but when they occur, they can cause severe discomfort, and lead to further complications.
Common signs of dental implant failure are:
- Severe pain or discomfort.
- Swelling or inflammation of the gums.
- The implant becomes loose and moves in the mouth.
Some factors that cause a dental implant to fail include:
- Badly taken teeth impressions.
If teeth impressions taken by your dentist are not precise, the replacement teeth may not fit. Just a subtle mistake can lead to a gap between the crown and the gums which would be enough to compromise on the look and the health of the teeth.
- Cement Leakage.
If the cement that binds the new crown onto the implant leaks into the gums, it can cause inflammation, swelling, and infection in the gums.
Peri-Implantitis is one of the leading causes of dental implant failure. It occurs when a foreign body is placed in the oral cavity. Both the gums and the bone surrounding the implant can suffer damage. This condition can be treated, but can cause the implant to be replaced.
- Failed Osseointegration.
If the implant fails to merge with the bone, it can leave the implant loose and it could even fall off.
- Allergic Reaction.
The dental implants and other materials used for implantation may cause localized reactions.
The dentist should make sure that the best materials are used, and the patient is tested for allergies too.
How Successful is a Dental Implantation?
Dental implants are the closest one can get to real teeth. No other restoration process in dentistry is capable of achieving that.
Studies have revealed that dental implants have a success rate of over 95%.
Dental implant procedures stimulate bone growth, and also prevent bone loss which is possible after loss of teeth.
Dental implants also prevent adjacent teeth from shifting.
If you are looking for dental implantation, contact us. We have served the Southampton community for long, and we are excited to help you too with your smile and dental health.
We can design dental implants to perfectly blend with the rest of your teeth.