Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions. The question is, what exactly is considered periodontal maintenance?
Ways On Why Is Oral Hygiene So Important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases (periodontal disease) than cavities. Three out of four adults are affected by periodontal disease at some time in their life. One way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is through daily tooth brushing and flossing techniques.
Both periodontal disease and decay are caused by bacterial plaque and can be accelerated by several factors. Plaque is a colorless film that sticks to your teeth at the gum line. As a result, plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
- Periodontal Disease
Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. In addition, as periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
- Preventing Gum Disease
The most effective way to prevent gum disease is through daily brushing and flossing, as well as professional examinations and regular dental cleaning. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progression.
Other important risk factors affecting the oral health of your gums include:
- Diabetes and other Systemic Conditions
- Clenching and Grinding Teeth
- Poor Nutrition
Dr. Genis is a Dentist In Philadelphia. He specializes in cosmetic dentistry and has been practicing for over 20 years. Dr. Genis has a gentle touch and uses various techniques to relieve pain and discomfort during dental procedures.